Travel Guide To Alexandria
- 2,679 km²
- EET (UTC+2)
General Information About Alexandria
The second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria, known as “the Pearl of the Mediterranean“, has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern. Its ambience and cultural heritage is different from the rest of the country.
Founded by Alexander the Great in 331. C., Alexandria became the capital of Graeco-Roman Egypt. Alexandria was also the center of learning in the ancient world.Situated on the north of the country and with more than four million inhabitants, Alexandria is Egypt’s main port and one of the most important in the Mediterranean.
Relatively new discoveries in the Eastern Harbor involve two different sites. Around Fort Qaitbay hundreds of objects were discovered, including what experts believe are the remains of the Pharos Lighthouse, one of the ancient wonders of the world. In the southeast part of the port, archaeologists have apparently found the Royal Quarters, including granite columns and fabulous statues, including one of Isis and a Sphinx with a head that was thought to be the father of Cleopatra.
Alexandria Culture and History
In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the most famous cities in the world and was founded around a pharaonic population by Alexander the Great. Alexandria became the center of Greek culture in the Hellenistic period so when the Romans arrived all Egypt was bilingual.
This city was the capital of Egypt for about 1000 years, until the Muslim conquest of this country. Until today this city remains a popular holiday destination.
The city was historically known for its Lighthouse. The Lighthouse of Alexandria, built in the 3th century B.C. and destroyed by two earthquakes in the 14th century, it constituted for nearly two millennia one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. With a height of about 130 meters it was located on the island of Pharos.
Another great monument of Alexandria was its library, where almost 1,000,000 documents were kept and then mysteriously disappeared in destruction. The new library was built in 2003 and it is worth visiting.
Food in Alexandria is not usually a problem for the stomach, although you have to be careful. In Alexandria there is a saying: the months ending in ‘r’ (September, October, November and December) are the best to eat fresh fish.
Experience the exciting nightlife in Alexandria enjoying cocktails and good music in several bars and clubs in the city where you can relax and have fun all night.
Popular Bars in Alexandria
Adib street 4,
Tel.: +20 034875177
7, Old Borsa Street, off of Saad Zaghloul Street
Manshiyya, Alexandria, Egypt
Tel.: +20 033806503
El Fouad Bar, El Salamlek
Tel.: +20 3 5477999
42 Abdel Qader Ragab St., Off Kafr Abdou Street
Rushdy, Alexandria, Egypt
Tel.: +20 3 5427599
Famous Clubs in Alexandria
Sidi Bishr, As Soyouf Bahri, Qism El-Montaza
Tel.: +20 3 5490935
Club 21 Cafe & Restaurant
Mustafa Kamel WA Bolkli, Qesm Sidi Gaber
Tel.:+20 3 5232929
San Giovanni Night Club
205 El Gueish Ave, Stanely,
Inside Hilton Borg El Arab Alex. Matrouh Desert Rd.,
Tel.: +20 03 3740730